Kidney Disease and Diabetes – What You Need to Know

What Do Your Kidneys Do?

An essential part of our bodies survival, our kidneys work endlessly cleansing our blood. Creating excess fluids and waste during this process, kidneys then excrete this as urine directing it to your bladder through the Ureter, two tubes connecting each of your kidney’s to the bladder. Sitting either side of the spine, kidneys are about the shape of your fist and consist of tiny blood vessels. Acting as filters, the blood vessels allow your kidneys to filter your blood. Their function is a necessary part of our bodies operational system. Humans can easily live with one kidney, unaffected by its absence, however, without the function of at least one kidney, death is surely inevitable, and fast.

“A common risk of todays societies, is that of kidney disease and diabetes, with more than 20 million citizens having some level of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)” according to the Centers for Disease and Prevention.

Kidney Disease and Diabetes

Diabetes is recognized in majority of the world, including the US, as a leading cause of kidney disease. Ranked as the 9th leading cause of death within America, as reported in a Fast Facts Report <> by the National Kidney Association, <> kidney disease and diabetes is not something we should ignore. The Fast Facts Report further highlights one in ten Americans are currently at risk of developing kidney disease. In addition to the 26 million Americans already suffering kidney disease, with many of not them unaware to their condition.


How Diabetes Causes Kidney Disease

A vital contributor to your overall health and wellbeing, diabetes can directly damage your kidneys. Once damaged, the ability to filter your blood effectively is lessened, leading to the loss of valuable proteins and red blood cells.


Diabetics have excess sugar levels in their blood, these sugar levels require the kidney to filter higher amounts of blood. Placing extra pressure on the kidneys, over time they deplete in ability and begin to seep needed fluids, they then become ineffective in removing waste as required.


Detectable through a simple urine test, often kidney disease presents initially with small amounts of protein in the urine, this is referred to as Microalbuminuria. If detected during this early stage, several treatments may be attempted in order to restrict progress of the kidney disease. Treatments include self-help, strict dieting, and medications. Maintaining your glucose levels and keeping diabetes under control, are also both crucial. Increased amounts of proteins within the urine is known as Macroalbuminuria. With a high expectancy of developing into End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) <> your body simply cannot function and survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.


What Can You Do to Minimize the Risk of Diabetes and Kidney Disease?

With some studies showing that Microalbuminuria can even be reversed, others showing that the chance of development is reduced, and that those already suffering the risk of developing Microalbuminuria could be cut in half, every attempt should be made in hope to avoid ESRD.


Some simple and effective ways to minimize the risk of diabetes and kidney disease are:

  1. Get to know your genetics
  2. Speak to your Doctor
  3. Take a urine test
  4. Monitor your blood pressure regularly
  5. Monitor your blood sugar levels daily, if required
  6. Maintain a healthy diet and weight
  7. Quit smoking and excessive drinking
  8. Lead a happy healthy life

Diabetes and heart disease are extremely serious conditions that must be monitored and managed by both those affected and their medical team. For some handy hints and diet tips helping you prevent the onset of diabetes and heart disease see


Author Info

Dr. Cueli

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